Regeneration of Pd/TiO2 catalyst deactivated in reductive CCl4 transformations by the treatment with supercritical CO2, ozone in supercritical CO2 or oxygen plasma
Carbonaceous deposits formation was established as the primary reason of Pd/TiO2 catalyst deactivation during reductive processing of CCl4 to form hydrodechlorination and oligomerization products. Three methods of carbonaceous deposits elimination were tested: (1) extraction by supercritical CO2, (2) oxidation by ozone in supercritical CO2, and (3) low-temperature glow-discharge oxygen plasma treatment. Synchronic thermal analysis confirms effective carbonaceous deposits removal during regeneration by ozone or low temperature glow-discharge oxygen plasma; by XPS deep oxidation of surface Pd after oxidative treatment (by ozone or oxygen plasma) was found. Thus H-2 reduction was proposed as the second step making possible full regeneration of initial catalytic activity of Pd/TiO2. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal Of Supercritical Fluids
Taylor and Francis Group
Russian Ministry of Education and Science [02.740.11.0026]; Russian Foundation of Basic Researches [10-03-00372]