Preparation and characterization of active Ni/MgO in oxidative steam reforming of n-C(4)H(10)
Oxidative steam reforming of n-C(4)H(10) over MgO-supported Ni catalysts is described. The Ni/MgO catalysts were prepared by the impregnation method from aqueous Ni(NO(3))(2) precursor solutions at two pH values. Ni/MgO prepared at pH 7 exhibited considerably higher activity than Ni/MgO prepared from a conventional acidic aqueous precursor solution (pH 3.5). The H(2) formation rate for the modified Ni/MgO was up to 2.3 times that for conventional Ni/MgO under a high space velocity of 1660 L(h g)(-1). Furthermore, after reduction at high temperature (1273 K), the modified Ni/MgO showed a higher H(2) formation rate than did Rh/MgO. The superior performance of the modified Ni/MgO was ascribed to stronger resistance to oxidation of Ni(o) due to the formation of relatively large Ni(o) particles. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
International Journal Of Hydrogen Energy