Parameter effects and reaction pathways of photoreduction of CO2 over TiO2/SO42- photocatalyst
The feasibility of applying a modified acidic photocatalyst (TiO2 /SO42-) to reduce carbon dioxide was investigated. The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 was conducted in a bench-scale batch photocatalytic reactor. Three near-UV black lamps with a maximal spectrum wavelength of 365 nm were assembled on the top of the mW/cm(2)/SO2 reactor to provide an average irradiated light intensity of 2.0. The TiO2 4 photocatalyst was prepared by a modified sol-gel process and coated on stainless steel substrates for the reduction of CO2. Experimental parameters such as the reductants, the initial CO2 concentration, and the reaction temperature were investigated. The results indicated that the highest photoreduction rate of CO2 was observed using H-2 as a reductant /SO2 over TiO2 4. The major gaseous products from CO2 photoreduction were carbon monoxide and methane, while other minor products of ethene and ethane were also detected in the experiments. The photoreduction rate of CO2 was found to be increased with initial CO2 concentration and reaction temperature, which promoted the formation of reaction products. Furthermore, the FT-IR spectra showed that formic acid, methanol, carbonate /SO2 ions, formaldehyde, and methyl formate formed on the surface of TiO42- photocatalyst. Two reaction path ways of CO2 photoreduction over TIO2/SO42- photocatalyst were proposed. One reaction pathway described the 4 formation of gaseous products CO, CH4, C2H4, and C2H6. The other reaction pathway formed CO3ads2-, CH3OHads, HCOOHads-, HCOOads, HCOOHads3 on the surface of TiO2/SO42- photocatalyst.
Chinese Journal Of Catalysis
Chinese Electronic Periodical Services