Investigation of Ni-Al, Ni-Mg-Al and Ni-Cu-Al catalyst for hydrogen production from pyrolysis-gasification of polypropylene

Overview

Title: 

Investigation of Ni-Al, Ni-Mg-Al and Ni-Cu-Al catalyst for hydrogen production from pyrolysis-gasification of polypropylene

Abstract: 

Co-precipitated nickel-based catalysts with different metallic molar ratios and calcination temperature were investigated for the production of hydrogen from the pyrolysis-gasification of polypropylene. The experiments were carried out at a pyrolysis temperature of 500 degrees C and gasification temperature of 800 degrees C in the presence of steam using a two-stage reaction system. The results suggest that with increasing Ni content in the Ni-Al or Ni-Mg-Al catalyst, the catalytic activity of the catalyst increased, in relation to hydrogen production. For example, the potential hydrogen production increased from 48.8 to 57.7 wt.%, and the amount of water reacted increased from 1.2 to 1.3 (g water/g polypropylene), when the Ni-Al molar ratio was increased from 1:4 to 1:1. After reaction in the pyrolysis-gasification process, the non-reduced Ni-Al catalyst was reduced into metallic Ni, as observed from XRD and TGA analysis. The introduction of Mg into the Ni-Al catalyst significantly increased the amount of reacted water and improved the performance of the catalyst in relation to coke formation, although the hydrogen production was not significantly improved. For the Ni-Al or Ni-Mg-Al catalyst, a 850 degrees C calcination temperature resulted in a lower catalytic activity compared to the lower calcination temperature of 750 degrees C. The substitution of Cu for Mg in the Ni-Mg-Al catalyst significantly reduced the catalytic ability for hydrogen production. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Authors: 

Chunfei Wu, Paul T. Williams

DOI: 

Journal: 

Applied Catalysis B-Environmental

Year: 

2009

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