Enhancing photoelectrochemical activity of nanocrystalline WO3 electrodes by surface tuning with Fe(III)
Tungsten oxide (WO3) photoelectrodes with the surface tuned by Fe(III) for photoelectrochemical water splitting were successfully synthesized. Nanostructured WO3 films were prepared using doctor blade method, then a facile and economical deposition-annealing process was employed to fabricate Fe(III) modified WO3 films. The resulting composite's structural and optical properties were analyzed by SEM, EDX, XRD, UV-Vis spectrometry and XPS. The photoelectrochemical properties were evaluated by photocurrent density under 500 W Xe lamp with an intensity of 100 mW/cm(2). The Fe(III) modified WO3 electrode exhibited a larger photocurrent than the pure WO3 electrode. Significantly, the optimized Fe(III) modified WO3 film achieved the maximum photocurrent density of 1.18 mA/cm(2) at 0.8 V vs. Ag/AgCl in the 0.2 M Na2SO4.The enhanced photocurrent was attributed to the extension of the light response and the electron hole separation at the interface Fe(III)/WO3 which was confirmed by Mott-Schottky and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Copyright (c) 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
International Journal Of Hydrogen Energy
National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) [2011AA050528]; National Nature Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [2012QNZT12]; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Central South University