Buffering and nutrient effects of white mud from ammonia-soda process on thermophilic hydrogen fermentation from food waste
Hydrogen production via anaerobic fermentation may suffer from instability or inhibition due to volatile fatty acids concentrations and inorganic elements deviations from optimality. A slight addition of white mud from ammonia soda process (WMA) to the fermentation may show a feasible implement approach to use as buffer and inorganic nutrient. Batch tests were conducted to study the effect of the WMA addition on the hydrogen fermentation of food waste (FW) for the purpose of the maximum hydrogen yield (MHY) while achieving process stability and microbial germination through the endogenous alkalinity and inorganic elements of WMA. This was attributed to the existence of calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and alkali-rich materials, like calcium carbonate. 3 g of WMA addition to 200 g FW and fermentation time of 36 h resulted in obtaining the MHY of 145.4 mL H-2/g VS, with a corresponding lag-phase time of 3.0 h. Under these operating conditions, the fermentation process demonstrated one of the highest measured stability with final pH 5.3. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
International Journal Of Hydrogen Energy
Project of Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program [J09LB11]; Jinan Science and Technology Development Program